Tanzania has unparalleled wildlife and natural resources. Perched on the crossroads of many of the extensive biomes that cover Africa, it also boasts the highest and lowest points on the continent; the top of Mt. Kilimanjaro and the bottom of Lake Tanganyika. Whilst recognised for its unmatched concentrations of large herbivores, the remarkable diversity of habitats from coral reefs to montane forests all combine to make Tanzania one of the most biodiverse and natural resource rich nations in Africa.

There are many issues that affect conservation in Tanzania including poverty, education, human and wildlife health, human population, development pressures, governance, land use planning, and technical and financial capacity. WCS strives to engage these key issues in its conservation work, all with a view to helping Tanzania conserve its extraordinary wildlife and environment.

Given the intrinsic link between the environment and sustainable development, conservation must maintain an equilibrium between human and ecosystem needs. Communities around protected areas need support in the management of natural resources, so that they can benefit directly from conservation, protect water and fuel supplies and better manage human-animal conflicts. WCS develops community-based initiatives that reinforce better management of key species and habitats, and thus strengthen their survival and integrity. WCS also supports government and other non-government institutions to manage and monitor key landscapes and species nationwide.

The WCS Tanzania Program employs between 80 and 100 full-time Tanzanian and 8 expatriate staff, with regional offices in Arusha, Iringa, Mbeya and Zanzibar. There are 5 main land/seascape programs and additional discrete projects nationwide.

All images copyright WCS. Photos by Tim Davenport, Julie Larsen Maher, Claire Bracebridge, Aaron Nicholas, Charles and Lara Foley and Gill Braulik. Infographics and illustrations by Sarah Markes.